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Ecuadorian Independence Day

Ecuador National Day of Ecuador

Ecuador

When is Ecuadorian Independence Day?

How long until Independence of Guayaquil?
This holiday next takes place in 53 Days.
Dates of Independence Day
Year Weekday Date
2019 Saturday August 10th
2018 Friday August 10th
2017 Thursday August 10th
2016 Wednesday August 10th
2015 Monday August 10th
Duration
1 Day
Summary
Guayaquil declared independence from Spain in 1820, a key victory for the Ecuadorian War of Independence

This national public holiday is celebrated on 10 August. In Spanish, it is known as 'Día del Primer Grito de Independencia de Quito' and marks Quito's declaration of independence from Spain in 1809. It is Ecuador's National Day.

History of Ecuadorian Independence Day

Spanish colonisation of Ecuador began in the middle of the sixteenth century and in 1563 Quito, the modern day capital city of Ecuador,  became an administrative region of Spain. Ecuador is Spanish for equator, which neatly describes Ecuador's place on the globe.

After nearly three hundred years of Spanish rule, the citizens of Quito were the first in Latin America to rebel and declare independence on 10 August 1809. This independence was short-lived and was suppressed by the Spanish in 24 days. However, the efforts of this small city was seen as a key milestone in the movement across Central and South America that would eventually lead to independence from the Europe.

In Ecuador, on 9 October 1820, Guayaquil became the first city to gain its independence from Spain. This event is now celebrated with its own national holiday. The rest of Ecuador celebrated independence following victory at the Battle of Pichincha under the command of Simón Bolívar, on 24 May 1822.

Did you know?

Quito is the highest official capital city in the world. La Paz in Bolivia is higher, but it is the administrative capital, with Sucre, the official capital being lower than Quito.

When is Ecuadorian Independence Day?

Celebrations for this holiday are not limited to Quito, with fairs, military parades and cultural events taking place across Ecuador.


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