When is Republic Day?
Republic Day is celebrated in Brazil to commemorate 15 November 1889 when Brazil's second Emperor, Dom Pedro II, was removed from power and the United States of Brazil was declared by Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca.
Brazil, officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil is the biggest country in South America in terms of land mass and population.
Brazil is the fifth largest in the world both in terms of area and population. Spanning an area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it is the Easternmost country of America. Brazil borders every other South American country apart from Ecuador and Chile.
During the expansion by Europe into the new world, Brazil was colonised by Portugal, and as a result it is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas. It has the largest Roman Catholic population in the world.
In September 1822, the Prince Regent of Portugal (the son of the Portuguese King) proclaimed himself to be Emperor of Brazil; declaring independence from Portugal and establishing the independent Empire of Brazil. He took the name Dom Pedro I. A treaty between Britain and Portugal recognised the new Empire's independence was signed on 29 August 1825.
Pedro I abdicated in 1831 and was succeeded by his son, Pedro II, who was five years old at the time.
Pedro II was deposed from the throne on 15 November 1889 by a coup d'etat, which had been fuelled by the continuation of a war with Paraguay and resentment from the upper classes over the abolition of slavery in 1888. The federal republic was established by Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca.