When is Revolution Day?
The Anniversary of the Revolution Day is the national holiday of Algeria.
It is celebrated on 1 November and commemorates the start of the war of independence against France.
From the start of the sixteenth century, Algeria had been under partial rule of the Ottoman Empire. In 1830, the country was invaded by France. The conquest of Algeria was a long and bloody affair, and unusually for French foreign territories, Algeria's status was that it was treated as being part of France rather than as a colony.
Emigration from Europe to Algeria was encouraged by the French, with tribal lands confiscated by the French government and Europeans even becoming the majority of the population in some cities like Algiers.
In the middle of the twentieth century, local resentment to the presence of France by the local Muslim population led to the uprising known as the 'Red (bloody) All Saints' Day' (French: Toussaint Rouge).
On 1 November 1954, the Christian festival of All Saints' Day, 30 individual coordinated attacks were made on police and military targets across Algeria by the National Liberation Front (FLN). These attacks signalled the start of the Algerian War.
While France won the conflict and regained control of the country, the brutality of the suppression of the revolution further alienated the Algerians and resulted in a loss of support for France's control of Algeria, both in France and abroad. This change in attitude directly led to independence from Algeria on 5 July 1962.